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/ 5paUE(r); `paJL/ n 1 [U] (in people) ability to do or act : It is beyond/outside/not within my power (ie I am unable or am not in a position) to help you. . * I will do everything in my power to help you. . 2 (a) [U] (also powers [pl]) particular faculty of the body or mind : He has lost the power of speech. . * The drug affects one's power(s) of concentration. . * He had to use all his powers of persuasion. . (b) powers [pl] all the faculties of aperson's body or mind ; : a woman of impressive intellectual powers * His powers are failing, ie He is becoming weak. . 3 [U] strength or energy behind or contained in sth ; : There was a lot of power behind that blow. . * The ship was helpless against the power of the storm. . * (fig ) They were defeated by the power of her oratory. . =>Usage at strength strength. 4 [U] (a) control over others ; : the power of the law * have sb in one's power, ie be able to do what one wishes with sb * have power over sb/sb's fate * fall into sb's power * He made the mistake of underestimating the power of the press. . (b) political control; rule ; : seize power, ie in a political coup * This government came (in)to power at the last election. . 5 [C esp pl ] right possessed by or given to a person or group; authority ; : The powers of the police need to be clearly defined. . * The President has exceeded his powers, ie has done more than he is allowed or has the right to do. . * (law ) power of attorney, ie the right to act on sb's behalf in business or financial matters . 6 [C] person, group or state with great authority or influence : world powers, ie countries with the most influence in international affairs * `Is the press a great power in your country?' `Yes, it's far more important than the Church.' `?'`, .' * The country was a great naval power in past centuries, ie had great international influence because it had a large navy. . * No power on earth could force me to do it. . 7 [U] (a) energy that can be harnessed and used to do work : wind, nuclear, hydroelectric power * We need to provide industry with power it can afford. . * [attrib ] the power supply . (b) [attrib ] operated by mechanical or electrical energy ; : power brakes/steering [] * power tools . (c) (of an engine, etc) capacity or performance , : a car's power of acceleration * the terrifying power of the huge machine . 8 [C esp sing ] (mathematics ) result obtained by multiplying a number by itself a certain number of times ; : the third power of 2 (= 2 x 2 x 2 = 8) 2= 2 x 2 x 2 = 8 * the second, third, fourth, etc power of x (= x2, x3, x4, etc) x = x2 x3 x4?p * to the power of sth, ie multiplied by itself a certain number of times * 44 represents four to the power of four, ie 4 x 4 x 4 x 4 = 256 4444. 9 [U] (of a lens) capacity for magnifying , : the power of a microscope, telescope, etc . 10 [C] good or evil spirit ; : She believed in the existence of a benevolent power. . * the powers of darkness, ie the forces of evil or of the Devil . 11 (idm ) the corridors of power => corridor. do sb a `power of good (infml ) be very beneficial to sb : Her holiday has done her a power of good. . * A long cool drink would do us all a power of good! , ! in `power having control or authority : the party in power * The Government has been in power for two years. . more power to sb's `elbow (infml ) (used to express encouragement to sb doing sth ): She is campaigning for an improved bus service more power to her elbow! --! the (real) power behind the `throne the person who really controls an organization, a country, etc, in contrast to the person who is legally in charge : The President's wife was suspected of being the real power behind the throne. . the ,powers that `be (often ironic ) people who control an organization, a country, etc , : He was waiting for the powers that be to decide what his next job would be. .
OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY posted at 2009/11/22 13:42:07
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